Although the movement has been afoot for some time to cut out use of the term “mental retardation,” a recent decision by the nation’s highest court seems to be a significant marker of the progress made on this front. The decision in question, which dealt with the issue of whether when states may or may not determine the presence of intellectual disability in connection with IQ test scores, contained a section explaining why the court would be adopting the term intellectual disability.
According to a recent report issued by the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, some administrative law judges in the Social Security Administration have fallen into the costly habit of approving most of the disability claims that come before them. The cost of this “rubber-stamping” of disability claims is roughly $400 billion between 2005 and 2013.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, around 26.2 percent, or one in four, adults in the United States have a diagnosable mental illness, with around 6 percent suffering from a serious mental illness. Serious mental disorders would include things like schizophrenia, bipolar, major depression and schizo-affective disorder. Of all the types of mental illnesses, anxiety disorders are the most common, with roughly 40 million adults in the United States suffering an anxiety disorder.